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Document Typology: Research
Methodology addressed by the publication:Parents pedagogy
Title of document: psychosocial health
Name of author(s): Rimantas Stankunas,Ramune Kalediene
Name of publisher: Magazine Medicina 2009 )187-700)
Language of the publication: English
Language of the review: English
Summary:
OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the associations between sense of coherence and psychosocial health among unemployed adult population.
The data were collected during a cross-sectional study in 2005. There were 429 filled-in questionnaires received (response rate, 53.6%) from unemployed persons registered at the Kaunas Labor Market Office (Lithuania). For the assessment of the sense of coherence, a short 13-item version of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire was used. Long-term unemployment was defined as lasting 12 months or longer. Logistic regression was used to estimate the risk factors having influence on sense of coherence. The risk was evaluated using odds ratio (OR). RESULTS. The mean score for sense of coherence was 56.6+/-11.2 (min, 13; max, 91). Significantly higher sense of coherence was found among the short-term unemployed as compare to the long-term ones. Analysis showed that sense of coherence was significantly higher in males, more educated and less materially deprived groups. The findings indicated that persons with depression, suicide intentions, more intensive alcohol consumption (after the job loss), poor self-reported health, feelings of loneliness and shame, and poor relations with family reported lower sense of coherence. The risk of low sense of coherence was significantly higher for females (OR=2.97) and the long-term unemployed (OR=1.81). Nevertheless, higher education (OR=0.73) and income (OR=0.83) were the factors that significantly improved sense of coherence.
Reviewer's comments on the document:
Sense of coherence was low among the unemployed in Kaunas. Sense of coherence was lower among the unemployed with negative psychosocial health characteristics in comparison to the nemployed with positive characteristics.
Psychosocial health is also broadly defined to include psychological and social-psychological outcomes. However, there is not accepted definition in the field, although mental health usually includes ositive characteristics, such as high self-esteem and positive mood ; as well as reduced levels of negative affect, such as anxiety and depression. More recently, as far as exercise is concerned, other aspects have also been studied such as cognitive functioning and stress reactivity, as well as the potential negative psychological effects of exercise (e.g., dependence). In the meta-analyses , trends are quantified across studies through the calculation of an effect size which represents the meaningfulness of exercise effects. It is calculated as the difference between experimental (treatment) and comparison (control) group means divided by the control group or pooled standard deviation . KMU was our associated partners in the previuos initiative programes and still help our association in organising seminars and workshops for the patients.
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